- Purpose of the tool
- The VGGT and business responsibilities
- Background for Understanding the VGGT
- Tenure Considerations
- Interactive guide
Company commitments to
improving tenure governance
Some of the world’s largest agribusiness companies have already made commitments to the VGGT and are working to improve land and forest tenure governance where they work. These include: Cargill, Illovo Sugar, Nestlé , PepsiCo, The Coca-Cola Company, and Unilever. The table below showcases highlights from company commitments. It does not reflect all commitments made nor does it evaluate whether the company has kept its commitments.
“Cargill supports government efforts around the world to clarify land tenure and property rights, and promote good land governance as we believe this is critical to agricultural and rural development and investment, all of which contributes to stability, poverty reduction and increased food security.”
“Cargill recently joined the efforts of leaders of the G8 and global organizations to lend its voice in support of the VGGT on Responsible Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests.”
“Cargill is committed to demonstrating its support for these VGGT in its global business transactions.”
The Coca-Cola Company Commitment: Land Rights and Sugarb
- “Commit to zero tolerance for land grabbing
- Will adhere to the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent across our operations (including bottling partners) and will require our suppliers to adhere to this principle.
- Encourage the development of an industry-wide commitment within the next three years on sustainable sugarcane
- Publicly advocate that food and beverage companies, traders, especially of soy, sugar, and palm oil, as well as sourcing country governments to endorse and implement the VGGTs and commit to respecting land rights.”
Sustainable Agriculture Guiding Principlesc
- “Recognize and safeguard the rights of communities and traditional peoples to maintain access to land and natural resources.
- Require respect for and prohibit the violation of the land rights of individuals and communities.
- Maintain positive community relations and contribute to local economic development.” In 2014, the company issued Supplier Guiding Principles that includes guidance for suppliers on land rights and FPIC
In 2014, the company issued Supplier Guiding
Principlesd that includes guidance for suppliers
on land rights and FPIC.
Illovo Group Guidelines on Land and Land Rightse
- “The Illovo Group adopts a zero tolerance approach to land grabs and requires that all its Suppliers do likewise.”
- “We have implemented a process to identify, and on an on-going basis we will continue to assess, through stakeholder engagement and other mechanisms, any negative impacts on land and land rights in the areas in which we operate.”
- “In relation to small grower development and other projects involving the development of local farm land, we will carry out a due diligence investigation in relation to land rights in order to identify any competing land claims, or other land rights issues, and will seek to address these insofar as possible.”
- “We will promote the adoption of responsible land rights practices (including those of the UNGC and the UN VGGT on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security) in our countries of operation.”
- “In line with our Code of Conduct, Illovo adheres to the principles of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in relation to our dealings with our local communities. This requirement extends to our Suppliers, who are also required to adopt a similar approach throughout their supply chains.”
Nestlé Commitment on Land and Land Rights in Agricultural Supply Chainsf
- “We will adopt the FAO’s VGGT on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and other relevant and accepted instruments that codify the rights of communities in relation to their land and natural resources."
“[Include] specific commitments on land, natural resources and
human rights in our Responsible Sourcing Guideline for high risk
commodities, including provisions by suppliers to ensure that:
- They have a zero tolerance for land grabs.
- They engage with and seek the support of those who could be affected by investment decisions prior to decisions being taken and respond to their contributions. They take into account existing power imbalances and ensuring active, free, effective, meaningful and informed participation of affected individuals and groups.
- They seek Free, Prior and Informed Consent with regard to the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- “[Work] with suppliers to implement actions to improve land rights wherever gaps are identified."
- “[Include] respect for land rights in our due diligence review in relation to acquisitions and joint ventures that involve land acquisition.”
PepsiCo Land Policyg
- “When PepsiCo is acquiring land, engage in fair (based on effective grievance mechanisms and processes) and legal negotiations on land transfers and acquisitions and utilize the IFC Performance Standards to implement the Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) principles for agricultural development, in developing countries.”
- “In countries from which PepsiCo sources raw commodities and where we do not believe adequate land rights protections are in place that are consistent with the IFC Performance Standards and the UN FAO VGGT on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (UN FAO Guidelines), advocate for the national government to use and follow the IFC Performance Standards and UN FAO Guidelines.”
- “Engage with appropriate industry and other groups to positively impact and respect all legitimate land tenure rights and the people who hold them.”
- “Utilize the PepsiCo Responsible Sourcing Guidelines as well as the PepsiCo Sustainability Councils and processes to ensure continued engagement with and compliance by suppliers on relevant land issues”
Unilever Sustainable Sourcing Strategyh
- “Unilever recognises that the respect of land rights is critical for food security and for inclusive social and economic development. The practice of land grabbing does not drive sustainable and equitable growth and must be stopped. We are committed to the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent. This principle is included in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the UN VGGT on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries & Forests in the context of National Food Security. Unilever supports the implementation of these guidelines by national authorities.”
- “We also recognise the right of women to land ownership and access to land. One of the Fundamental Principles of Unilever’s Responsible Sourcing Policy is that the land rights of communities, including Indigenous Peoples, will be protected and promoted and a mandatory requirement is that due diligence relating to established rights to property and land is undertaken.”
Responsible Sourcing Strategyi
- “Land rights of communities, including indigenous peoples, will be protected and promoted
- The rights and title to property and land of the individual, indigenous people and local communities are respected.
- All negotiations with regard to their property or land, including the use of and transfers of it, adhere to the principles of Free, Prior and Informed Consent, contract transparency and disclosure.”
Cargill. 2014. Does Cargill support global standards that respect and
strengthen local communities and farmers’ rights to land?
The Coca-Cola Company. 2013. The Coca-Cola Company Commitment: Land Rights and Sugar.
The Coca-Cola Company. 2013. Sustainable Agricultural Guiding Principles.
The Coca-Cola Company. 2014. Supplier Guiding Principles.
Illovo Group. 2015. Illovo Group Guidelines on Land and Land Rights.
Nestlé. 2014. Nestlé Commitment on Land & Land Rights in Agricultural Supply Chains.
PepsiCo. 2014. Pepsico Land Policy.
Unilever. 2015. Sustainable Sourcing Strategy.
Unilever. 2015. Responsible Sourcing Strategy.