Land-based investment projects appear in many shapes and sizes. They are planned to produce agricultural, forestry, and mineral products, among others. Each sector presents special land and forest tenure characteristics* and each project will require a certain amount of land to produce the resource, house workers, and transport goods out of the project site. In all circumstances, land access, use rights, and management rights must be negotiated with a counterpart that holds those rights. The Interlaken Group has developed guidance according to the five project types that are most likely to be initiated by a company making land-based investments. Each project type has certain characteristics that distinguish it from the others.
Below are key considerations related to the VGGT for the five project types:
* See Annex 4 for key considerations for agricultural and plantation forestry land.