The Guidance Tool

Tenure Considerations

Tenure cuts across many economic and social issues. Here we present a few of the key considerations that a company should internalize in order to act consistently with the intent of the VGGT.

Issue (Relevant VGGT articles)

a. For more on Land Rights and Human Rights see: Institute for Human Rights and Business. reports/preventing-conflicts-over-land.html; OHCHR. 2014. Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human RightsE/2014/86.; Issues_in_International_HRL.pdf; Conflicts_over_Land-Draft_Position_Paper_Nov09.pdf.

b. Wickeri and Kalhan. 2010. Land Rights Issues in International Human Rights Law. Malaysian Journal on Human Rights, Vol. 4, No. 10, 2010.

c. See Annex 2.

d. See also: IFC. 2012. Guidance Note 7: Indigenous Peoples. 50eed180498009f9a89bfa336b93d75f/ Updated_GN7-2012.pdf?MOD=AJPERES.

e. FAO. 2014. Respecting Free, Prior and Informed Consent: Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition.

f. For more on women’s rights to land see: FAO. 2013. Governing land for women and men: A technical guide to support the achievement of responsible gender-equitable governance of land tenure. i3114e.pdf; Landesa Center for Women’s Land Rights.; The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.; and UN Women & OHCR. 2013. Realizing Women’s Rights to Land and other Pro- ductive Resources. Publications/RealizingWomensRights toLand.pdf.

g. For more on smallholders and food security see: IFPRI. 2013. From Subsistence to Profit Transforming Smallholder Farms. publications/pr26.pdf and Oxfam’s Smallholder Supply Chain initiative.

h. FAO. 2012. Smallholders and Family Farmers Factsheet. nr/sustainability_pathways/docs/Factsheet _SMALLHOLDERS.pdf.

i. Oxfam. 2010. Think big. Go small. Adapting business models to incorporate smallholders into supply chains. Briefings for Business No. 6. oxfam/bitstream/10546/114051/1/bfb06-think-big-go-small-010510-en.pdf.

j. For more information on outgrower production and resources a company can use to design outgrower schemes see: FAO’s Contract Farming Resources Center. To ensure a company’s outgrower schemes are up to international standards see FAO. 2012. Guiding Principles for Responsible Contract Farming. /i2858e.pdf.

k. For more on forced evictions and expropriation for public purpose see: UN-OHCHR. Basic Principles and Guidelines on Devel- opment-based Evictions And Displacement: Annex 1 of the report of the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living A/HRC/4/18. Housing/Guidelines_en.pdf; IFC Performance Standards; International Bar Association. 2014. Business and Human Rights Guidance for Bar Associations.; FAO. 2008. Land Tenure Study 10: Compulsory Acquisition of Land and Compensation. i0506e00.pdf.

l. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). 2008. ments/DRIPS_en.pdf.